What is high blood pressure?
Formerly classified as diseases of adults, they are now beginning to appear more common in young children. The main reason for this is the spoiled environment, bad medical habits and our way of life.
High blood pressure is a problem that is affecting more and more children. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to clarify the doubts related to it.
To be tested
Usually only for adults, periodic blood pressure tests are performed. But recent research shows that children have higher blood pressure. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct blood pressure testing in children over 3 years of age.
Blood pressure problems
This problem varies from place to place. In the United States, 3.6% of children between the ages of 3 and 18 have high blood pressure. In China, meanwhile, 17.4% of school children between the ages of 8 and 17 have high blood pressure.
What are the consequences?
75% of children with high blood pressure remain untested. As a result, they become more susceptible to cardiovascular disease as adults. A person with a high blood pressure problem has a higher risk of developing diabetes, high cholesterol and heart disease.
Children with high blood pressure are at risk of developing serious conditions, including brain swelling, confusion, coma, severe headaches and blindness if not diagnosed and treated properly. Therefore, children should have a blood pressure test at least once a year
What are the causes?
This is because in today’s society there are many unpleasant aspects of children’s lifestyle. For example, high blood pressure can be caused by many habits, including watching too much television, spending too much time in front of the computer, playing video games, eating junk food, and drinking sugary drinks.
At the same time, features such as poor physiotherapy, lack of regular exercise, and lack of access to physical sports can not only cause a child to swell, but also cause the child to develop high blood pressure.
To solve the problem
Children should be encouraged to eat good nutritious fruits and vegetables. Also avoid junk food and sugary drinks.
Breakfast, lunch and dinner should be eaten at the right time. Likewise, do not spend too much time in front of the TV or in front of the computer. Need to play as much as necessary.
Exercise daily. Also, get enough sleep every night, without waking up too long at night.
What is normal blood pressure?
If adults are taken, their normal blood pressure level is 120/80 mm Hg). But for children, normal blood pressure depends on age, gender and height.
Therefore, no specific measurement can be determined for this. The doctor measuring the baby’s blood pressure should look at the reference table and determine if it is normal or abnormal.
During this comparison, if it is above 95%, it is calculated as high blood pressure. For example, if the height of a 5-year-old child is 95%, a value greater than 104/65 mm Hg is considered hypertension.
What are blood pressure levels?
Children may have first-degree or necessary hypertension. The background for this may be without any physical problems. At the same time, high blood pressure can be a sign of kidney and heart disease.
Previously, all high blood pressure problems in children were considered secondary. However, as a result of many ongoing researches, it has been found that there are primary or essential hypertensive problems. Such problems, so far, have only been in adults.
What are some key reasons?
Obesity, kidney disease, heart disease, and sleep apnea are some of the major causes of high blood pressure in children. If a child has high blood pressure, they are more likely to have a kidney problem.
Which is the optimal hand?
The right arm is the perfect organ for testing blood pressure. If the blood pressure in the left arm is tested, there may be difficulty in diagnosing the symptoms of heart disease. Because, the left arm pressure is less.