Pain can be caused in any part of the body. When there is some dysfunction or problem in any organ or functioning, then pain occurs. Some pains are very general and can go away with time but some can cause serious damage to the body. General inflammation can be healed by the body itself as the muscles or tissues heal whereas nerve pain is caused because of some compressed spine or damage to a nerve. This could also affect the working of the body and movements. Nerve root pain is a condition in which the person experienced serious symptoms and should not be ignored. Hence today we will discuss about symptoms and causes of nerve root pain with help of an expert.
Nerve Root Pain
It is a type of pain which generates from the nerves that have been damaged in the spine. Nerve is responsible to carry signals to the brain and various other organs of the body. In this condition, the nerve carrying information is compressed or damaged. According to Dr. Danish Thakur, Head Consultant and Neurologist in Ivory Hospital, Greater Noida, nerve root pain can cause increased sensitivity, numbness and muscle weakness. This condition is based on the pain that occurs in the nerve roots. Hence in majority of conditions, it requires medical attention to treat it otherwise it can cause permanent damage to nervous response system.
Nerve root pain is of two types Lumbar Nerve pain and Branchial Neuralgia.
Lumbar Nerve Pain- This is the condition in which lumbar nerve pain affects back as well as legs. It can also go worse if the pain occurs in the knees and below them. Usually this type of nerve root pain occurs because of slipped disk.
Brancial Neuralgia- In this type of nerve root pain the pain actually originates from back of the neck and then moves to arms, hands and fingers. It can affect your movements and daily life functions to quite an extent.
Symptoms of Nerve Root Pain
Nerve root pain can cause some major symptoms which are prominent to the person suffering from this condition. Depending on the area affected, the pain causes these symptoms-
- Tingling effect
- Numbness in legs, feet or arms
- Weakness of muscles
- Pain in the back, neck and limbs
What are the causes of Nerve Root Pain?
This condition can be caused because of pinched nerve and may other underlying conditions that can cause compression in the spine root. Nerve root pain is caused because of damage to the nerve root as well which also happens because of conditions such as-
- Bone spurs
- Inflammatory diseases
- Degenerative spinal conditions
- Spinal stenosis
- Herniated discs
- It can be caused because of abnormalities such as tumours, cysts, hernia and hematomas
- Spinal injury or infection in spine
Tips to Treat Nerve Root Pain
According to neurologist, the pain caused because of nerve root can only be treated when the conditions causing it is treated. This means you need to treat nerve root pain in order to reduce pain and inflammation. This condition can be treated with the help of medication or physical therapy. However in some minor conditions, treatment is not even required.
Surgery can also be done but only in severe cases where no other option is left and condition is becoming worse. It also requires treatment underlying conditions to relieve compression which was the major reason for having pain. Here are some surgical and non-surgical options to treat nerve root pain from the body.
Non-Surgical treatment for nerve root pain
- You can take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that help to relieve pain. These are called NSAID’s.
- You may have to get some infections in the spine. These are called interventional techniques that include nerve block.
- Epidural infections in the lumbar and cervical spine
- Nerve killing treatments and procedures such as radiofrequency ablation
- Modification of activity in routine life for physiotherapy
- Engaging in exercise and physical therapy that can reduce pain caused by nerve root
Surgical Options to Treat Nerve Root Pain
These ways include treating conditions that cause nerve root pain through some serious procedure. Here are some effective treatments.
- Spinal decomposition surgery that consists of Discectomy or Laminectomy
- It may require spinal fusion
- Foraminotomy surgery
- Disc replacement surgery
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