Neural Circuitry Affected by Eating Disorders

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says Janani Prabhakar, Ph.D., of the Division of Translational Research at the National Institute of Mental Health, part of NIH.

‘Reward response and food intake control circuitry in the brain can be altered by eating disorder behaviors such as binge-eating, which in turn, can again exaggerate this behavior. This may shed light for further research in the future development of treatments against these disorders.

The study team analyzed 197 women with different eating disorders and varying body mass indexes (BMIs) associated with eating disorder behaviors, along with 120 women without eating disorders.

Brain Circuitry in Eating Disorders

Cross-sectional functional brain imaging was utilized to study the brain responses during a taste reward task where participants were either given or were denied an unexpected, salient sweet stimulus (a taste of a sugar solution).

The brain’s reward response known as “prediction error,” (a dopamine-related signaling process that measures how surprised a person was receiving the unexpected stimulus ) was then analyzed along with its effect on food intake control system (ventral-striatal-hypothalamic circuitry).

It was found that higher BMI and binge-eating behaviors were associated with lower prediction error response (i.e., they were less surprised) with no significant correlation among the normal group. Also, a negative relation was associated with the feeling of out of control after eating among women with eating disorders.

“The study provides a model for how behavioral traits promote eating problems and changes in BMI, and how eating disorder behaviors, anxiety, mood, and brain neurobiology interact to reinforce the vicious cycle of eating disorders, making recovery very difficult,” says Dr. Guido Frank, M.D., at the University of California San Diego.

Thus understanding the neural mechanism and behavioral traits, including food intake behavior behind these eating disorders may shed light for further research in the future development of treatments against these disorders.

Source: Medindia

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