The team followed more than 1.2 million people born in Sweden between 1994 and 2006, using individually linked population-based data. Nearly 31,565 participants (between 12 and 25 years of age) conceived with ART.
Moreover, the study also found a marginally higher risk of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among the individuals born after ART. However, it was elucidated by parental background factors.
The study thereby states that use of ART poses no adverse effects on children’s psychiatric health during their adolescence.
“These findings are overall reassuring with respect to the psychiatric health of adolescents conceived with ART, a group that we are now for the first time able to follow into early adulthood,” says the study’s corresponding author Chen Wang, a doctoral student at the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Karolinska Institutet.