Know About The Difference Between UTIs & STIs From An Expert

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Know About The Difference Between UTIs & STIs From An Expert

It is often observed that people tend to get confused between the conditions that affect similar parts of their body. The case is pretty similar with UTIs and STIs. As both these infectious diseases affect a person’s genitals, it becomes difficult for people to differentiate between the two. Another reason behind it is that they have several symptoms in common such as burning sensation while peeing, genital rashes, itchiness etc. Where the Urinary Tract Infection tends to affect a person’s urinary tract such as the bladder, kidneys, urethra and ureter. On the other hand a Sexually Transmitted Infection are always transmitted through a sexual intercourse and lead to situation like herpes. Let us get ahead and clear the confusion by better understanding these two conditions and spotting the difference between the two with Dr. Prateek Makwana, Consultant Embryologist, Vasundhara Hospital.

What is a UTI?

UTI or a urinary tract infection is a condition caused due to the presence of infection present in your urinary tract. Our urinary tract consists of the bladder, urethra, kidneys and uterus. Urinary tract infection is a condition that is generally caused due to bacterial infection in the genitals. These microorganisms when entering the urethra or bladder tend to cause infection and

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Also Read: What Is Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)? Here Are Its Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Preventive Measures

inflammation. In cases where this infection is limited to your bladder, it can cause a lot of discomfort and pain but if it tends to develop any further and reaches your kidneys, then it can lead to several complications. Some of the common symptoms of a  urinary tract infection are-

  • Burning pee
  • Frequent urge to pee
  • Strong smelling urine
  • Abdominal pain
  • Traces of blood in urine
  • Cloudy urine
  • Fever
  • Painful intercourse
  • Fatigue 
  • Pelvic pain
  • Vomiting 

In order to protect yourself from urinary tract infections one must adapt a practice of wiping themselves from front to back after using a toilet. One must pee withing 20 minutes of having a vaginal sex and consume ample amount of water to keep the body fluids moving.

What is a STI?

Sexually transmitted infections or STIs are the infections that are passed on from one person to the other due to a sexual contact. The infection causing bacteria or parasite in this condition passed from one person to the other through the means of

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Also Read: 5 Common Myths About Sexually-Transmitted Diseases

semen, blood or other bodily fluids. The condition of these sexully transmitted diseases is generally caused due to bacterias such as chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis. Infections such as HPV, herpes and HIV. People having unprotected sex, having multiple sexual partners or drug overdose. In some cases sexually transmitted infections can also be transmitted from a mother to child. Some of the common symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are-

  • Painful sex
  • Burning sensation while peeing
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Unusual vaginal discharge
  • Blood traces in pee
  • Fever
  • Pelvic pain
  • Itchiness
  • Rashes 

The best way to protect yourself from any kind of sexually transmited disease or infection is to have protected sexual intercoure and use a condom. Using a condom is the best contraceptive method as it not just helps you to prevent unwanted pregnancy but also prevents the transmission of infectious diseases.

Difference between STIs and UTIs

Getting confused between STIs and UTIs is something very common. These two conditions have symptoms that are very similar to each other. Where urinary tract infection affects the urinary tract of a person the symptoms of UTI are mild but that can develop further and create various complications. The bacterias that cause urinary tract infection can travel between partners if they get involved in a sexual intercouarse. On the ither hand STIs are always transmitted sexually and both these conditions might share some common symptoms. One can detect STI by looking at some exclusive symptoms such as genital blisters, rashes, painful sexual intercourse or spotting between the periods. One must visit a doctor,  get themselves evaluated and take the right medications. In most caes STIs would not show any symptoms and hence one must get timely STI chekups specially if they have multiple sexual partners. 

This article is based upon a post by  Dr. Prateek Makwana, Consultant Embryologist, Vasundhara Hospital on his instagram handle fertility scribbles





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