What are common health issues in childhood?

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Low birth weight
Babies born to healthy pregnant women weigh about 3.5 kg. But the average body weight of babies born in India is 2.7 kg to 2.9 kg. It is important to record the weight of the baby within an hour of birth. The body weight of the newborn determines the growth and viability of the baby. When newborns weigh less than 2.5 kg, they are globally defined as low birth weight babies. The baby may be born after or before the end of pregnancy.

Babies born with low birth weight can be divided into two categories
Children born prematurely
The baby is born before the end of the gestation period i.e. at 37 weeks gestation. The development of these babies in pregnancy may be good — that is, their weight, health, and development may not be normal at all. With proper care from 2 years to 3 years after birth the baby will achieve the required development
Click below to watch the video about premature babies

Appearance small in size at birth.
The baby may be born sooner or later. Their weight is very low. Their weight depends on their fetal development.
Causes of low birth weight?

Problems between the fetus and the placenta, malnutrition of the mother, anemia, mother getting pregnant at a very young age, multiple pregnancies, malaria in the mother, etc.

Avoiding low birth weight babies
The following methods can be used to avoid giving birth to a low birth weight baby.

Care should be taken during the fetal period before the baby is born
Pregnancy should be recorded first and the risks identified.
During pregnancy, you should eat more nutritious food than at other times. Encourage the consumption of balanced foods that contain all nutrients. Make sure you take extra nutrients and iron and folic acid tablets.
Diagnosis and treatment of diabetes and high blood pressure in pregnant women.
Avoid smoking and alcohol
The interval between two children requires the use of contraceptives.
The social and economic status of women should be improved.
Malnutrition
Malnutrition is the lack of adequate nutrients in the diet. Generally, children between the ages of 6 months and 2 years are more likely to be malnourished. It can weaken the immune system in children and cause infections.

Breastmilk should be given only 5 to 6 months after birth.
After 5 to 6 months, breast milk should be supplemented with other dairy products such as cow’s milk, fruits, well-cooked rice, other cereals and legumes.
Then give a complete diet consisting of grains, nuts, vegetables, fruits, and other foods available from dairy milk.
Ensure proper and adequate feeding of female infants.
Women should make sure they are getting adequate and nutritious food during pregnancy / before getting pregnant.
Malnutrition should be detected at an early stage and treated properly.
Infectious diseases
There are many infectious diseases that can cause high mortality in children in general. These include diarrhea, sudden respiratory tract infections, measles, pneumonia, laryngitis, tetanus and osteoporosis.

Consequences of accidents and poisoning
These are more likely to occur in children at home, on the roads and in schools. Burns, injuries, drowning, ingestion of toxins, falling down injuries, electric shock, road accidents, etc. occur.

Child welfare care
Concern for the welfare of the child is the actions of the parents regarding the child from conception to birth and from birth to 5 years of age.
The health of a child begins with the birth of a girl who later becomes the mother of a child. Ie care taken during pregnancy and before birth, care for the baby up to 28 days after birth, care for the baby between one month and 12 months, care during the walk (1-2 years), two years old

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